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The big scholar Jamal al-Din al-Qassimi (may Allah have mercy on him), who died in 1332 H:

Read:

  • Saheeh Muslim with commentary, explanation, and deriving rulings and benefits in 40 days.
  • Sunan Ibn Majah in 21 days.
  • Muwatta of Imam Malik in 19 days.
  • Taqreeb al-Tahzeeb in 10 days.

(Benefited from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali)

References:

[1] Benefited from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali (Link)

العلامة ⁧‫#‏جمال_الدين_القاسمي‬⁩ الدمشقي ت1332هـ:ـ
قرأ "صحيحَ مسلم" درايةً بـ ٤٠ يومًا
و"سننَ ابنِ ماجه" في ٢١ يومًا
و"الموطأَ" في ١٩ يومًا
و"تقريبَ التهذيب" مع تصحيحه وتحشيتِه في ١٠ أيام !

 

al-Qassimi

Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali said:

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk waged his war on the scholars and Islamic schools in Turkey, the scholar of our scholars, Shaykh Ali Haydar Efendi d. 1380 H (may Allah have mercy on him), said:

"If the books of the four Madhahib [1] were to perish, I could dictate them back from my chest (i.e. from memory)".

This was narrated to me by one of his students who heard it from him [2].

Reference:

[1] Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence

[2] Benefitted from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali (Link)

عندما حارب أتاتورك العلماءَ والمدارسَ الشرعيةَ بتركيا قال شيخ مشايخنا علي حيدر أفندي ت١٣٨٠هـ: لو فنيتْ كتبُ المذاهبِ الأربعة لأمليتُها مِن صدري !ـ
حدثني بذلك: أحدُ طلابِه عنه

 

Sh. Ali Haydar

 

Sh. Al-Islam Mustafa Sabri

Shaykh Mustafa Sabri Efendi was the last Mufti of the Ottoman Empire and held the title Shaykh Al-Islam [1] during his life. He was born in the year 1286 H (1869 CE) in Anatolia, and is considered one of the biggest scholars of his time.

Sh. Mustafa Sabri lived a life of knowledge, da’wah, and struggle. He was forced to migrate from Turkey to Egypt as not to be compelled to speak words in support or praise of the oppressors.

"وإذا البلاد تغيرت عن حالها ** فدع المقام وبادر التحويلا
ليس المقام عليك فرضا واجبا ** فى بلدة تدع العزيز زليلا"ـ

During his life in Egypt, he led a life of poverty and hunger. However, he did not let this poverty and continuous hunger diminish his Faith or doubt his position, and he is quoted to have said of this poverty he faced following his migration to Egypt:

“That is much better for me than being a supporter of the oppressors” [2]

هاجر شيخ الإسلام مصطفى صبري من تركيا إلى مصر؛ كي لا يمدح طاغوتًا مجرمًا، فكان يبيتُ جائعًا بالقاهرة ويقول: هذا خيرٌ مِن تأييد الظالمين!ـ

At a time when the Indians were protesting the English administration, Mahatma Gandhi went on hunger-strikes that would receive ample attention and media coverage, including by the Muslim owned news agencies. Shaykh ul-Islam Mustafa Sabri, upon witnessing this, is reported to have said [3]:

“Gandhi decides to start a hunger-strike, and the whole world has shaken from its place. While the Ottoman Shaykh ul-Islam, with his family, has been starving for years and the Islamic world remains unaware. The Ottoman dynasty is in such a miserable state, it’s Shaykh ul-Islam would eat dry beans for months and nobody would be aware of this.”

He wrote a tearful poem in which he described his condition and contrasts between his fasting and hunger and that of Gandhi, in which he says [4]:

“Except that between the two fasts is an astonishing difference, which I shall clarify without hesitation

He has fasted while having food to eat, while I fasted because I have nothing to eat, which has been my state since arriving as a visitor to Egypt

And his fast became the talk of everyone, while my fast is something only known to me

It is for the sake of Islam, that which I am facing … etc”

Poem Mustafa Sabri

He died and was buried in Egypt in 1373H (1954 CE).

May Allah have mercy on him.

References:

[1] http://www.dr-alawni.com/articles.php?show=15

[2] Benefitted from Sh. Muhammad Wael al-Hanbali (Facebook)

[3] The Last Ottoman Shaykh ul-Islam: Mustafa Sabri Effendi: http://www.worldbulletin.net/islamic-history/115375/the-last-ottoman-shaykh-ul-islam-mustafa-sabri-effendi

[4] Poem benefitted from Facebook post

Sh. Mustafa Al-Tantawi (d. 1925CE) – Father of Sh. Ali Tantawi

Sh. Mustafa ibn Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Mustafa, the father of Shaykh Ali al-Tantawi, May Allah have mercy on them.

Mustafa Al-Tantawi

He was from the scholars known for their knowledge among the scholars of Shaam (Levant), and to him the responsibility of [issuing] Fatwas in Damascus was passed.

He (may Allah have mercy on him) was from the lead Jurists and one of the respected teachers and educators.

Sh. Mustafa worked as a school principal, in the same school Sh. Ali was educated in. That school spanned all grades, from Kindergarten to High School. After he left his work in the school in 1918 CE, he worked as the Head of the Diwan (Council) of the Court of Appeals.

He continued to work there until the time of his death in 1925 CE.

Shaykh Ali was 16 years old at the time.

May Allah have mercy on him

Reference:

[1] http://www.alukah.net/culture/0/1670/

Ahmad Al-Banna

Our Scholar today is Sh. Ahmad Abdul Rahman Al-Banna Al-Sa’aati (1882 – 1958; 1301 – 1378 AH), may Allah shower him with Mercy, the father of Hasan al-Banna (may Allah accept him among the martyrs).

He is the author of the monumental book: “Al-Fath Al-Rabbani li-Tarteeb Musnad al-Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal al-Shaybani[1], in which he sorted the narrations of the Musnad of Imam Ahmad according to the topic of the narration. He started with narrations related to (1) Tawhid, then (2) Fiqh, then (3) Tafsir, then (4) Targhib, then (5) Tarhib, then (6) History, then ended with the narrations related to (7) Day of Judgement and the conditions of the Hereafter. He said in the introduction of his work: “I do not know of anyone who preceded me in this”.

Shaykh Ahmed Al-Banna also wrote a commentary on “Al-Fath Al-Rabbani” and called it: “Bulugh al-Amani min Asrar al-Fath al-Rabani”, although he died before completing the commentary, which was completed by others.

Sh. Al-Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said [2]:

Scholars have taken great care of the Musnad [of Imam Ahmad], abridging it, commenting on it, [writing] explanations on it, and organizing it.

From the best [works in this regard] is “Al-Fath al-Rabbani li-Tartib Musnad al-Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal al-Shaybani” which was authored by Ahmad ibn Abdul Rahman al-Banna, better known as al-Sa’aati, who organized it into seven sections, the first being: Tawhid and the foundations of the Religion, and its last being the section on the Day of Judgement and the conditions of the Hereafter. He organized the book in a pleasant manner, and then completed it by authoring a commentary on it called: “Bulugh al-Amani min Asrar al-Fath al-Rabani”, (i.e. Achieving the Hopes from the secrets of Al-Fath al-Rabbani) and it is a title well suited to the content, as it is a very beneficial book in both the Hadeeth aspect, as well as the Fiqh one, and indeed Praise is due to Allah the Lord of the Universe”"

Shaykh Ahmad Al-Banna (may Allah have mercy on him) authored many other important works, such as “Minhat al-Ma’boud fi Tarteeb Musnad al-Taylasan Abi Dawud” (منحة المعبود في ترتيب مسند الطيالسي أبي داود), “Badaa’e al-Minan fee Jam’ wa Tarteeb Musnad al-Shafie wa al-Sunan” (بدائع المنن في جمع وترتيب مسند الشافعي والسنن), and a commentary on it titled “Al-Qawl al-Hasan fi Sharh Badae al-Minan[3] (القول الحسن في شرح بدائع المنن).

The Shaykh died in 1958 (1378 AH) [4].

May Allah shower him with Mercy

Footnote:

[1] “Al-Fath Al-Rabbani li-Tarteeb Musnad al-Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal al-Shaybani” and its commentary can be downloaded from the following link (الفتح الرباني لترتيب مسند الإمام أحمد بن حنبل الشيباني ومعه كتاب بلوغ الأماني من أسرارالفتح الرباني)

[2] Mustalah al-Hadeeth by Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen

[3] Badaa’e al-Minan and its commentary Al_Qawl al-Hasan can be downloaded from here (Waqfeya)

[4] Further Reading: http://majles.alukah.net/t98627/

ويقول الشيخ أحمد عبدالرحمن البنا: «اشتاقت نفسي إلى قراءة المسند، وذلك في سنة أربعين وثلثمائة وألف من الهجرة، فوجدته بحراً خضماً يزخر بالعلم، ويموج بالفوائد، لا سبيل إلى اصطياد فرائده، واقتناص شوارده، فخطر بالخاطر المخاطر، وناجتني نفسي أن أرتب هذا الكتاب، وأعقل شوارد أحاديثه بالكتب والأبواب، وأقيد كل حديث منه بما يليق به من باب وكتاب، فتحققت بمعونة الله العزيمة، وصدقت النية، وخلصت بتوفيقه، وحقق إخراج ما في النية إلى الفعل هذه الدرة اليتيمة» ـ

[5] Credit

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