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In the times of difficulties and Fitan, it is always important to have Husn Dhan in Allah, His Mercy, Wisdom, and the fulfillment of what He promised. The benefits of this will be seen in this Life and the Next.

Sh. Muhammad Husein Ya’koub (may Allah preserve him) discusses a touching tradition about the Mercy of Allah and having Husn al-Dhan (positive thoughts and Hopes) of Allah.

Commentary and Additional Notes:

[1] ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Allaah will separate a man belonging to my ummah in the presence of all creatures and will spread ninety-nine scrolls for him, each scroll extending as far as the eye can see. Then He will say, ‘Do you object to anything in this? Have my scribes who keep note wronged you?’ He will say, ‘No, my Lord.’ He will ask him, ‘Do you have any excuse?’ He will say, ‘No my Lord.’

Allaah will say, ‘On the contrary, you have with Us a good deed, and you will not be wronged this Day.’ A slip of paper will then be brought out, on which are the words ‘Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu (I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger).’ Allaah will say, ‘Bring your weight (i.e., the scrolls).’ The man will say, ‘O Lord, what is this slip of paper in comparison to these scrolls?’ And He will reply, ‘You will not be wronged.’ The scrolls will then be put in one side of the Balance and the slip of paper in the other, and the scrolls will become light and the slip of paper heavy, for nothing could compare in weight to the name of Allaah.”

Translation from: https://islamqa.info/en/31805

Arabic Text:

عن عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ قَالَ: رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : ( إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَيُخَلِّصُ رَجُلًا مِنْ أُمَّتِي عَلَى رُءُوسِ الْخَلَائِقِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَيَنْشُرُ عَلَيْهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ سِجِلًّا كُلُّ سِجِلٍّ مِثْلُ مَدِّ الْبَصَرِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَتُنْكِرُ مِنْ هَذَا شَيْئًا أَظَلَمَكَ كَتَبَتِي الْحَافِظُونَ فَيَقُولُ لَا يَا رَبِّ فَيَقُولُ أَفَلَكَ عُذْرٌ فَيَقُولُ لا يَا رَبِّ فَيَقُولُ بَلَى إِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدَنَا حَسَنَةً فَإِنَّهُ لا ظُلْمَ عَلَيْكَ الْيَوْمَ فَتَخْرُجُ بِطَاقَةٌ فِيهَا أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ فَيَقُولُ احْضُرْ وَزْنَكَ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ مَا هَذِهِ الْبِطَاقَةُ مَعَ هَذِهِ السِّجِلاتِ فَقَالَ إِنَّكَ لا تُظْلَمُ قَالَ فَتُوضَعُ السِّجِلاتُ فِي كِفَّةٍ وَالْبِطَاقَةُ فِي كِفَّةٍ فَطَاشَتِ السِّجِلاتُ وَثَقُلَتِ الْبِطَاقَةُ فَلا يَثْقُلُ مَعَ اسْمِ اللَّهِ شَيْءٌ )

Source & Grading:

The narration is reported by: Ibn Majah 2/1437, Al-Hakim who said: Saheeh al-Isnaad 1/710, al-Tirmidhi who said: Hasan Gharib 5/24, Ibn Hibban who reported it in his Saheeh, al-Baghawi in Sharh al-Sunnah, al-Munziri in al-Targeeb wa al-Tarheeb 2/344, Musnad Imam Ahmad 11/176 and Sh. Ahmad Shakir said: It’s chain is Authentic, Al-Albani in Saheeh al-Jami’ 8095 and he graded it as authentic.

[2] Relevant links on:

[3] If a question is asked as to why Allah is asking His servants about a matter when He (Glorified and Exalted is He) has knowledge of all?

It can be said that indeed, Allah is as He described himself in His Book: {Whether you reveal a thing or conceal it indeed Allah is ever of all things Knowing} [Al-Ahzaab 40:54] and {(Allah) knows of (the tricks) that deceive with the eyes, and all that the hearts (of men) conceal} [Ghafer 40:19].

This sort of questioning is present in many Prophetic narrations as well, where Allah asks the Angels about the condition at which they left His slaves, or He asking His Angels about the purpose the people gathered on the day of Arafah, and other such narrations.

Scholars have spoken about the wisdom behind such questioning.

Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) highlighted after one of these narrations saying: “[In it is] that a question may be initiated by a questioner about a person, while the questioner is more aware of condition of the one whom he inquired about than the one who was questioned. [This is done] as a way to make apparent the care and concern [of the questioner] for the one he is asking about, and as a demonstration to the status [of that person], and as a declaration to the nobility of his rank.

It was also said in regards to Allah asking His Angels about the condition they left the people [gathering for the] Remembrance [of Allah] in, is an indication/response to what they said [earlier]: {"Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?"} As if He is saying to them: Look at what they have performed of praising and glorification, with all they are facing of temptations and whispers from the devils, and how they overcome all these and equalled you in praise and glorification

" فِيهِ أَنَّ السُّؤَال قَدْ يَصْدُر مِنْ السَّائِل ، وَهُوَ أَعْلَم بِالْمَسْئُولِ عَنْهُ مِنْ الْمَسْئُول ؛ لِإِظْهَارِ الْعِنَايَة بِالْمَسْئُولِ عَنْهُ ، وَالتَّنْوِيَة بِقَدْرِهِ ، وَالْإِعْلَان بِشَرَفِ مَنْزِلَته ، وَقِيلَ إِنَّ فِي خُصُوص سُؤَال اللَّه الْمَلَائِكَة عَنْ أَهْل الذِّكْر : الْإِشَارَة إِلَى قَوْلهمْ ( أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَنْ يُفْسِد فِيهَا وَيَسْفِك الدِّمَاء وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّح بِحَمْدِك وَنُقَدِّس لَك ) ؛ فَكَأَنَّهُ قِيلَ لَهُمْ : اُنْظُرُوا إِلَى مَا حَصَلَ مِنْهُمْ مِنْ التَّسْبِيح وَالتَّقْدِيس ، مَعَ مَا سُلِّطَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ الشَّهَوَات ، وَوَسَاوِس الشَّيْطَان , وَكَيْف عَالَجُوا ذَلِكَ ، وَضَاهَوْكُمْ فِي التَّسْبِيح وَالتَّقْدِيس .

وَقِيلَ إِنَّهُ يُؤْخَذ مِنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيث أَنَّ الذِّكْر الْحَاصِل مِنْ بَنِي آدَم أَعْلَى وَأَشْرَف مِنْ الذِّكْر الْحَاصِل مِنْ الْمَلَائِكَة لِحُصُولِ ذِكْر الْآدَمِيِّينَ مَعَ كَثْرَة الشَّوَاغِل وَوُجُود الصَّوَارِف وَصُدُوره فِي عَالَم الْغَيْب , بِخِلَافِ الْمَلَائِكَة فِي ذَلِكَ كُلّه ".

And from the wisdoms behind such questioning is:

  • That He wishes to demonstrate His bounties upon them through bestowing upon them His Mercy and Forgiveness, so that His servants may come to know Him more through the manifestation of His Names and Attributes, and what he bestows upon His righteous servants.
  • As a demonstration to the virtue of the one He is asking about
  • It may also occur about a sinner or a disbeliever as a mean of establishing the evidence against him.

Related fatwa: https://islamqa.info/ar/215287

[4] Source and Grading of that Narration:

We did not find that specific narration with these wording reported with an authentic chain, even though there are other narrations that speaks about the benefits and the good consequences of having good thoughts and thinking positive of Allah (Glorified is He) and His Mercy.

The narration highlighted by the Shaykh appear to be from the narration of Abdul Razzaq and Ibn Jareer (may Allah have mercy on them) in their Tafseer from the way of Ma’mar

عبد الرزاق قال : أرنا معمر ، قال : قال لي رجل : إنه يؤمر برجل إلى النار فيلتفت فيقول : يا رب ما كان هذا ظني بك ، فيقول : وما كان ظنك بي قال : « كان ظني بك أن تغفر لي ولا تعذبني ، قال : فإني عند ظنك بي »

A similar narration was reported by Abu Nu’aym (may Allah have mercy on him) in Hilyat al-Awliyaa (5/226) from the way of Bilal ibn Sa’d that:

يأمر الله تعالى بإخراج رجلين من النار ، قال : فيخرجان بسلاسلهما وأغلالهما ، فيوقفان بين يديه ، فيقول : كيف وجدتما مقيلكما ومصيركما ؟ فيقولان : شر مقيل ، وأسوأ مصير . فيقول بما قدمت أيديكما وما أنا بظلام للعبيد . فيأمر بهما إلى النار ، فأما أحدهما فيمضي بسلاسله وأغلاله حتى يقتحمها ، وأما الآخر فيمضي وهو يتلفت ، فيأمر بردهما ، فيقول للذي غدا بسلاسله وأغلاله حتى اقتحمها : ما حملك على ما فعلت وقد اختبرتها ؟ فيقول : يا رب قد ذقت من وبال معصيتك ما لم أكن أتعرض لسخطك ثانيا . ويقول : للذي مضى وهو يتلفت ما حملك على ما صنعت ؟ قال : لم يكن هذا ظني بك يا رب . قال : فما كان ظنك ؟ قال : كان ظني حيث أخرجتني منها أنك لا تعيدني إليها .

قال : إني عند ظنك بي ، وأمر بصرفهما إلى الجنة

And that narration is weak because of Mansour Ibn ‘Amaar, whom Abu Hatem said of him: “He is not strong”, and Ibn ‘Ady said: “His narrations are Munkar”, among other weaknesses in the chain.

A narration with different wordings is reported by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad 21/99, and Ibn Abi Hatem in his Tafseer 9/2935, Ibn Khuzaymah in his “Tawheed”, and Ibn Abi al-Dunia in his “Husn al-Dhan Billah”, and others from the way of Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him).

And that narration they reported has also been classed as weak due to the presence of Hilal ibn Abi Hilal in the chain, who the majority of the scholars of hadeeth have classed him as weak

Another narration is also reported with a similar meaning from the way of Ibn Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with him and his father), but its authenticity is also questioned.

Another similar narration is reported by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eman (2/9 # 1015 and 1016) from the way of Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him). Al-Mundhiri 4/136 said: Al-Bayhaqi narrated it from the way of a man from the sons of ‘Ubada ibn al-Saamit whom he did not name from the way of Abu Huraira [Jami’ al-Ahaadeeth 6/377].

أمر الله بعبد إلى النار فلما وقف على شفاها التفت فقال أما والله يا رب إن كان ظنى بك لحسن فقال الله ردوه فأنا عند حسن ظن عبدى بى فغفر له

More information can be seen in the links below:

[5] This narration is reported from a multiple of authentic routes with similar wordings. From those routes is what was reported by al-Bukhari (6/2694 # 6970), Muslim (4/2061 # 2675), Ahmad (2/413 # 9340), al-Tirmithi (5/581 # 3603) who said: Hasan Saheeh, Ibn Majah (2/1255 # 3822), and Ibn Hibban in his Saheeh (3/93 # 811) from the way of Abu Huraira (may Allah be well pleased with him) [Jami’ al-Ahaadeeth 24/197-198].

يقول الله أنا عند ظن عبدى بى وأنا معه إذا ذكرنى فإن ذكرنى فى نفسه ذكرته فى نفسى وإن ذكرنى فى ملإ ذكرته فى ملإ خير منهم وإن تقرب إلى شبرا تقربت إليه ذراعا وإن تقرب إلى ذراعا تقربت إليه باعا وإن أتانى يمشى أتيته هرولة

In addition to that narration, one of the narrations that demonstrate the utmost Mercy of Allah for those who maintain positive thoughts of him is the narration is what was reported by Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

A man sinned greatly against himself, and when death came to him he charged his sons, saying: When I have died, burn me, then crush me and scatter [my ashes] into the sea, for, by Allah, if my Lord takes possession of me, He will punish me in a manner in which He has punished no one [else]. So they did that to him. Then He said to the earth: Produce what you have taken-and there he was!

And He said to him: What induced you to do what you did?

He said: Being afraid of You, O my Lord and because of that He forgave him.

It was related by Muslim, al-Bukhari, an-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.

أسرف رجلٌ على نفسِهِ فلما حضره الموتُ أوصى بَنِيه فقال إذا أنا مِتُّ فأحرقونى ثم اسحقونى ثم ذرونى فى البحر فوالله لَئِنْ قدر علىَّ ربى ليعذبنى عذابًا ما عذَّب به أحدًا ففعلوا ذلك به فقال اللهُ للأرضِ أدِّى ما أخذتِ فإذا هو قائمٌ فقال ما حملكَ على ما صنعتَ قال خشيتُك يا ربِّ فغَفَرَ له بذلكَ

The following links provide further comments and articles about having Husn Dhann, trust, and positive thoughts of Allah and provide for a good read:

[6] This narration is graded as authentic and was reported by al-Bukhari (6/2489 # 6398), al-Bazaar (1/393 # 269), Abu Ya’la (1/161 # 176), and al-Bayhaqi (8/312 # 17,273), with the following wording:

Narrated `Umar bin Al-Khattab that during the lifetime of the Prophet (ﷺ) there was a man called `Abdullah, and he used to make Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) laugh. The Prophet (ﷺ) lashed him because of drinking (alcohol). And one-day he was brought to the Prophet (ﷺ) on the same charge and was lashed. On that, a man among the people said, "O Allah, curse him! How frequently he has been brought (to the Prophet (ﷺ) on such a charge)!" The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Do not curse him, for by Allah, I know for he loves Allah and His Apostle."

عن عمر : أَنَّ رَجُلاً عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِىِّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – كَانَ اسْمُهُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ ، وَكَانَ يُلَقَّبُ حِمَاراً ، وَكَانَ يُضْحِكُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ، وَكَانَ النَّبِىُّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قَدْ جَلَدَهُ فِى الشَّرَابِ ، فَأُتِىَ بِهِ يَوْماً فَأَمَرَ بِهِ فَجُلِدَ ، فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنْهُ مَا أَكْثَرَ مَا يُؤْتَى بِهِ . فَقَالَ النَّبِىُّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – لاَ تَلْعَنُوهُ ، فَوَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ أَنَّهُ يُحِبُّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ

Yet with that several narrations were reported with authentic chains about Husn Al-Dhann and having positive thoughts and hopes in Allah and His Mercy.

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Muhammad ibn Abi Hatem –  the penman/scriber of al-Imam Al-Bukhari – said:

When I used to accompany Abu Abdillah [Al-Bukhari] –May Allah shower him with Mercy- in some of his travels, we would never gather in the same room except occasionally at the times of extreme heat.

I used to see him getting up during a single night from 15 to 20 times!

During each of these times, he would take the Qaddaaha (i.e. a special metal or rock used in lighting fires), would start a small fire, and light the place. He would then get out the traditions and mark over them, then he would go back to sleep.

He used to [also wake up and] pray thirteen Rak’ahs at the time of the Sahar.

[Imam Al-Bukhari] did not wake me every time he woke up [during the night], so I told him [once]: You are burdening yourself in all of this and you do not even wake me up [to assist you].

So he said: You are [still] young, and I do not wish to ruin your sleep for you.

Sh. Muhammad Husein Ya’kub [May Allah preserve him] commented:

So, O Seeker of Knowledge …

What is your excuse?! With what are you deceiving yourself?! Until when will you remain inclined to relaxation and wastefulness?! You are struggling to spend just a few hours in reviewing and seeking, while you have been given these Blessings!! All the means have been provided for you and all the difficult matters have been made easy for you, yet you are still inclined to this World and after that, you keep saying: Knowledge … Knowledge …

How distant it is from you, how distant it is from you!!

Reference:

[1] Muntalaqaat Taalib Al-‘Ilm p. 140-141

[2] Source of image below: http://www.flickr.com/photos/vandenbussche_wim/2541905328/lightbox/

قال محمد بن أبى حاتم الوراق: كان أبو عبد الله إذا كنت معه فى سفر لا يجمعنا بيت واحد إلا فى القيظ أحيانا. فكنت أراه يقوم فى ليلة واحدة خمس عشرة مرة إلى عشرين مرة فى كل ذلك يأخذ القداحة فيورى نارا ويسرج ثم يخرج أحاديث فيعلم عليها ثم يضع رأسه. وكان يصلى وقت السحر ثلاث عشرة ركعة وكان لا يوقظنى فى كل ما يقوم, فقلت له: إنك تحمل على نفسك فى كل هذا ولا توقظنى. قال: أنت شاب ولا أحب أن أفسد عليك نومك.ـ

candle in the Dark

Shaikh Mohammed Husein Yaqoub [May Allah preserve him] shares a story he had during Hajj with a very good hearted man, al-Hajj Hasan, and how this man repented to Allah.

 

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