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Al-Daarimi –Rahimahu Allah- narrates from the way of ‘Imran Al-Manqari that he said:

I said to Al-Hasan [1] one day about a matter he mentioned: O Aba Sa’eed, that is not what the Fuqahaa say.

So he said: Woe to you! And have you ever seen a Faqih?!

A Faqih is he who has renounced the world and exercises abstinence from it (zuhd), longing for the Hereafter, is insightful in the matters of his Religion, and who worships his Lord without cease [2, 3].

عن عمران المنقري قال : قلت للحسن يوما في شيء قاله: يا أبا سعيد ليس هكذا يقول الفقهاء. فقال: ويحك ورأيت أنت فقيها قط؟ إنما الفقيه الزاهد في الدنيا, الراغب في الآخرة, البصير بأمر دينه, المداوم على عبادة ربه.ـ

In a different variation, Al-Aajri –Rahimahu Allah- narrates in ‘Akhlaq Al-Ulama’, with a chain going to Matar al-Waraq –Rahimahu Allah- who said:

I asked Al-Hasan about a matter; so he answered.

So I said: O Abu Sa’eed, the Fuqaha would refuse such an

and dispute it.

So he said: Thakalatka Ummuk [4] O Matar! And have you ever seen a Faqih? And do you even know who a Faqih is?

A Faqeeh is the Wari’ [5], the Zahid (who exercises abstinence from the world), who does not mock whomever is below him, does not slander or backbite whomever is above him, and does not take in return for this knowledge which Allah has taught him any of these transient things of this world [6].

أخبرنا مطر الوراق قال : سألت الحسن عن مسألة ، فقال فيها ، فقلت : يا أبا سعيد يأبى عليك الفقهاء ويخالفونك ، فقال : « ثكلتك أمك مطر ، وهل رأيت فقيها قط ؟ وهل تدري ما الفقيه ؟ الفقيه الورع الزاهد الذي لا يسخر ممن أسفل منه ، ولا يهمز من فوقه ، ولا يأخذ على علم علمه الله حطاما »ـ

Comment: We ask Allah to make us among those who act upon what they know, and among those who strive to attain these qualities.

Reference:

[1] Al-Basri –Rahimahu Allah-

[2] Husien Saleem Asad in his Tahqeeq of Sunan al-Daarimi said: Its Isnaad is Saheeh

[3] Sunan al-Daarimi (volume 1 p. 101, narration 294)

[4] The word (Thaklaa) refers to one who has lost her son, and (Thakalatka Ummuk) literally would mean a supplication , but is used by the Arabs to indicate one’s surprise or astonishment (taken from the Tahqeeq of Akhlaq al-Ulama).

[5] Wara’ in its origin refers to leaving the forbidden. This term was then used to refer to not overindulging one’s self even in what is permissible and halal (taken from the Tahqeeq of Akhlaq al-Ulama).

[6] Akhlaaq Al-Ulamaa by al-Aajiri (volume 1 p. 56, narration 46)

It is reported that Al-Hasan Al-Basari –Rahimahu Allah- said: The slave [of Allah] would remain in a state of goodness as long as he had an admonisher within his inner self and made holding himself accountable his priority. [1]

Reference:

[1] Muhasabat Al-Nafs by Ibn Abi Al-Dunia (1/7); Hilyat Al-Awliyaa (2/146)

قال الحسن البصري:ـ إن العبد لا يزال بخير ما كان له واعظ من نفسه وكانت المحاسبة همته

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