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(Part 2)

Erecting the Catapults for Destroying the Story of the High-Flyers

Nasb al-Majānīq li-Nasf Qissat al-Gharānīq

نصب المجانيق لنسف قصة الغرانيق

by Sh. Muhammad Nasir-ud-Dīn al–Albani

Before getting into the narrations:

Now before I bring forth all the narrations regarding this story, I see that it is important to highlight a matter so that the benefit from this Treatise would be thorough.

I say:

This story was mentioned by the scholars of Tafseer, [when commenting on what] Allah [Glorified is He] said: {And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet except that when he Tamanaa (i.e. recited), Satan threw fee Umneyatuh (i.e. in his recitation). But Allah abolishes that which Satan throws in; then Allah makes precise His verses. And Allah is Knowing and Wise [52]. [That is] so He may make what Satan throws in a trial for those within whose hearts is disease and those hard of heart. And indeed, the wrongdoers are in extreme dissension [53]. And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path [54]} [Al-Hajj 22:52-54].

[Now, the scholars of Tafseer] differed in regards to the meaning of the words: (Tamanaa) and (Umneyatuh), and the best thing that was said about them was that (Tamanaa) comes from (Al-Umniyah) and refers to Al-Tilawa i.e. Recitation.

This can be seen in the words of the poet, who said regarding the death of ‘Uthman [May Allah be pleased with him]:

تمنى كتاب الله أول ليلة * وآخرها لاقى حمام المقادر

Tamana Kitab Allah Awala Laylatin * wa Akhiraha Laqa Himam Al-Maqadir

He recited the Book of Allah in the beginning of the Night *

And by its end he had faced his predestined death.

And upon this view are the Majority of the scholars of Tafseer, and the scholars of proper examination. Additionally, Ibn Katheer attributed it to the majority of the scholars of Tafseer, while Ibn Al-Qayim in [his book] “Ighathat Al-Lahfaan” (1/93) attributed it to the [scholars of the Salaf] altogether.

He said:

“And the Salaf altogether are in agreement that the meaning is: Except that when he recites, the devil throws fee (during/amongst) his Tilawa (recitation).”

Al-Qurtubi clarified this in his Tafseer (12/83) when he said:

“Sulaiman b. Harb said: That (fee) means: at/during/amongst, thus the devil threw [these words] in the hearts of the disbelievers during the Prophet’s recitation, as Allah the Exalted said: {wa Labithta feena i.e. and you remained amongst us for years of your life} [Al-Shu’ara 26:18], and that is the meaning that Ibn ‘Atiyah narrates from his father, from the scholars of the East, and it was highlighted by Al-Qadi Abu Bakr ibn Al-‘Arabi.”

I say: And the words of Ibn Al-‘Arabi will come later on, by the Will of Allah.

Now, what we have mentioned regarding the meaning of the verse is also what was chosen by Al-Imam Ibn Jarir [Al-Tabari] where he said after [transmitting] what was narrated from a group of the Salaf (17/121):

“And this view is more resembling to the [true] interpretation of the verse, as it is what is evident in His Words: {But Allah abolishes that which Satan throws in; then Allah makes precise His verses} [Al-Hajj: 52], where the verses which Allah says that He makes precise are undoubtedly the verses of His revelations, thus it would be known through this that what Satan threw in is what Allah (Exalted is He) said that he abolishes from it and made it void, then made His verses precise through the abolishment of these from it”.

So contemplate upon the verses [and what Allah is saying]:

(And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet except that when he recites the Book of Allah and reads, or narrates and speaks, Satan throws during/amongst the Book of Allah that [the Prophet] recited and read, or in his narration which he narrated and spoke, so Allah abolishes that which Satan threw in, with His Words (Exalted is He): So Allah would remove that which Satan threw in and would abolish it.)

That is the meaning intended from that noble verse and it is, as you can see, containing nothing except that the devil would throw in [words] during the recitation of the Prophet [Blessings of Allah and Peace upon him], which would be a trial for those within whose hearts is a disease.

Yet, the enemies of this religion who sit on every path, threatening and averting from the way of Allah, would not be pleased except by inserting into [this Religion] that which is not from it, or that which was not said by the Prophet. So they would bring forth what you will see from narrations, which are not suited for the status of Prophethood or the Message [he carries].

That is their pattern from long ago, just as they did with other verses that were mentioned about other than [the Messenger of Allah (Blessings of Allah and Peace upon him)] from among the other Prophets, such as Dawud, Sulaiman, and Yusuf [Blessings and Peace be upon them] where they narrate in the interpretation [of these other verses] from the Israelites narrations that which attributing to a normal Muslim would not be acceptable, how then [can it be accepted about] a noble Prophet.

[These narrations can be found and are clarified] in their appropriate location in the books of Tafseer and [books about the] Prophet’s stories.

So beware, O Muslim, of being deceived by any of that, lest you be from among those who perish, and “Leave that which you are in doubt of, for that which does not make you doubt” as was said by your Prophet (Blessings of Allah and Peace upon him), {And indeed Allah is the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path} [Al-Hajj 22:54].

 

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Erecting the Catapults for Destroying the Story of the High-Flyers

Nasb al-Majānīq li-Nasf Qissat al-Gharānīq

نصب المجانيق لنسف قصة الغرانيق

by Sh. Muhammad Nasir-ud-Dīn al–Albani

Introduction:

In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

All praise is [due] to Allah, who has chosen our Prophet above all people. He safeguarded him from the Devil, [in such a way that prevented the devil] from inspiring to him any evil. He – the all Mighty – said, while addressing the cursed Satan: {Indeed, My servants – no authority will you have over them, except those who follow you of the deviators} [Al-Hijr 15:42].

Rather, Allah the Exalted has given his messenger authority over his Qareen [1] from amongst the jinn, so how then would a more distant [jinn or evil spirits] affect him [in any way]?

This was made clear by the words of our noble Messenger: “There is none amongst you with whom is not an attache from amongst the jinn (devil)”. They (the Companions) said: Allah’s Messenger, with you too? Thereupon he said: “Yes, but Allah helps me against him and so I am safe from his hand and he does not command me but for good[2] [3].

And May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad who Allah -the Exalted- enabled him to overpower Ibless (Satan), until he was about to strangle him and was about to fasten him to one of the pillars of the mosque of Medina[4], and [may the peace and blessings of Allah be] upon his household, companions, and those who follow in his guidance until the Day of Judgment.

After which,

Some of the teachers from among my dear brothers from Pakistan wrote to me on 14/7/1952 CE, asking me of my view on the narration of the Gharaniq, which [the grading of] was differed on by two great scholars of hadith, and they are: Ibn Katheer Al-Dimashqi and Ibn Hajar Al-Misri. The tradition was rejected by the first, and strengthened by the second.

The [brother] requested me not to hold back the answer. I stayed for a few months waiting for an opportunity where I can fulfill his request.

After that, I met one of my beloved brothers after Eid Al-Adha prayers of that year (1371 H), and he also asked me about the narration of the Gharaniq, so I answered him that it is not authentic, rather it is false and fabricated. So he told me that a young man, whose heart has been diseased, used it to claim that the Prophet [Peace be Upon him] – and truly he is free from all such falsehood – used to speak with that which pleases the polytheists [of Mecca] so that he may attract them to himself, since he wasn’t, as [that man] falsely claims, a truthful Prophet and was just pretending to be [a Prophet] so that he may take up [positions of] leadership over his people, as some of the atheists of the past and present ramble about.

So this motivated me to take the opportunity of the aforementioned Eid, and I started [relying on Allah] to gather all the different chains of this story from the books of Tafseer and Hadith, and then showed the defects [they have] in both the chains and the Text.

After that I mentioned the words of Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar in strengthening it, and followed it with points that would show the weakness of what he mentioned.

After which I mentioned some of the words of some great scholars who have a strong critical skills in both the fundamentals and the branches that supports what we concluded from the falseness of this story, its voidness, and the obligation of rejecting it and not accepting it, thereby fulfilling what Allah ordered us to do when he said: {In order that you may believe in Allah and His Messenger (SAW), and that you assist and honor him (i.e. the Prophet), and (that you) glorify (Allah’s) praises morning and afternoon} [Al-Fath 48:9].

So it came as a Treatise, unique in its subject, powerful in its content. It removes the confusion of the believing brother, and destroys the doubts of the stubborn heretics, and I named it:

The Erection of the Catapults for the Destruction of the Story of the Gharaniq (High Flyers)

I ask Allah the Exalted to make it sincere and solely for His sake, and to accept it from me as my way of defending His Messenger. I ask Allah to keep its reward for me, for the day when we will be most needy of [our Messenger’s] intercession, {The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail, Except him who brings to Allâh a clean heart} [Ash-Shuara 26:88-89].

Verily, Allah is the All-Hearer All-Knower, the Most Subtle, Kind, Courteous, Generous, and the Most Merciful.

Damascus: 2/1/1372 H[5],

Muhammad Nasir Al-din Al-Albani


[1] Qareen is the jinn allotted to the son of Adam to be his constant companion in attempt to misguide him.

[2] Narrated by Ahmad (# 3647, 3778, 3801, 4393) and Muslim (8/138) from the way of Ibn Mas’ud.

[3] Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “Fa aslamu (and I am safe from him) or fa aslama (and he became Muslim). These are two well-known versions. One means ‘and I am safe from his evil and his temptation.’ The other means that ‘the qareen became Muslim and became a believer, so he does not tell me to do anything but good’. There was some scholarly dispute as to the form of the word. Al-Khattaabi said that the word was Fa aslamu (and I am safe from him); al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad said that it was fa aslama (and he became Muslim), which is more correct, because the hadeeth says, ‘so he only enjoins me to do that which is good’. They also disputed as to the meaning of the word fa aslama. Some said that it meant that he (the qareen) submitted and surrendered, as it was narrated elsewhere than in Saheeh Muslim, fa astaslama [he gave up and surrendered]. It was also suggested that it means that he became a Muslim and a believer. The latter is the apparent meaning. Al-Qaadi said: Note that the ummah is unanimously agreed that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was protected from the Shaytaan physically, mentally and with regard what he said (Read more: islamqa).

[4] This was narrated in Sahih Al-Bukhari (3/62) with the explanation of Ibn Hajar, and in Muslim (2/72), and others.

[5] Around 22nd of September 1952

Fire_Catapult

Firing catapults

* images obtained from online sources *

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