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Sh. ‘Abdulrahman al-Kawakibi d. 1320H/1902CE (may Allah have mercy on him) writes in his book (Tabai’ al-Istibdad wa-Masari’ al-Isti’bad):

The commoners are the strength of the oppressor and his force. Through them and upon them he runs rampant. He imprisons them, so they cheer for his might; He takes their wealth unjustly, so they praise him for having spared their lives; He insults them, so they admire his high rank; He tempts some of them against others, so they find pride in his policies; When he spends their money wastefully, they say: How Generous!; And if he kills from them but does not maim, they consider him Merciful; He drags them to the dangers of death, and they obey him out of fear that they would be reprimanded; If a few of those with dignity resented him, he fights them as if they were transgressors.

What results is that these commoners slaughter themselves with their own hands because of this fear which develops from their ignorance and foolishness. If that ignorance was to alleviate, and the mind was to become enlightened, then that fear would go away and the people would habitually no longer follow except that which would bring them benefit, as the saying goes: A wise person only serves himself. At that time, the oppressor would have to either retire or straighten [himself].

Reference:

  1. Tabai’ al-Istibdad wa-Masari’ al-Isti’bad (p. 37)

Al-Kawakabi (al-sirat al-mustaqeem)

 

Arabic Quote

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A poem overflowing with beauty and gentleness!

Sh. Saeed al-Kamali (may Allah preserve him) when providing commentary on the ‘Muwatta of Imam Malik’ would delve into the meanings of Arabic words and their roots, as well as the various styles of speaking in Arabic and where they have been used elsewhere in the Language.

From that was the following the story of the poet Kuthayyir and his fascination with ‘Azza.

Reference:

[1] Commentary on Muwatta Malik – Lecture 146 (34:50-40:00)

[2] Section on Kuthayyir Azza from Ibn Kathir’s “Al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya” 9/278 (Link) & (Arabic Wiki):

وفيها توفي كثير عزة الشاعر المشهور

وهو كثير بن عبد الرحمن بن الأسود بن عامر، أبو صخر الخزاعي الحجازي، المعروف بابن أبي جمعة، وعزة هذه المشهور بها المنسوب إليها، لتغزله فيها، هي أم عمرو عزة بالعين المهملة، بنت جميل بن حفص، من بني حاجب بن غفار

[3] Brief article about Kuthayyir from Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuthayyir):

Kuthayyir ibn ‘Abd al-Raḥman (c. 660 – c. 723), commonly known as Kuthayyir ‘Azzah (Arabic: كثيّر عزّة‎‎) was an Arab ‘Udhri poet of the Umayyad period from the tribe of Azd. He was born in Medina and resided in Hijaz and Egypt. In his poems he was occupied with his unfullfilled love to a married woman named ‘Azza. Favorite topics in his poetry are love and panegyrics. He made acquaintance of the governor ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Marwan and the caliphs Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz and Yazid II

[4] Narration reference: http://sunnah.com/urn/1319210

[5] Abdul-Qadir al-Baghdadi in “Khizanat al-Adab” 5/211 (Islamport page 2/182 & Page 2/185)

[6] Complete Poem (Adab.com)

The verses mentioned by the Shaykh in this clip:

خليليَّ هذا ربعُ عُزَّة َ فاعقلا قلوصيكُما ثمّ ابكيا حيثُ حلَّتِ
Oh my companions, that is the convoy of ‘Azza, so tie your she-camels,
then start weeping where she has camped!

ومُسّا تراباً كَانَ قَدْ مَسَّ جِلدها وبِيتاً وَظِلاَّ حَيْثُ باتتْ وظلّتِ
And [try to] touch the sand, which has touched her skin,
and spend your nights and remain, where she has spent her [nights] and remained.

ولا تيأسا أنْ يَمْحُوَ الله عنكُما ذنوباً إذا صَلَّيْتما حَيْثُ صَلّتِ
(And don’t lose hope that Allah shall wipe away from your sins,
if you managed to pray [in a spot] in which she has prayed.)

وما كنتُ أدري قبلَ عَزَّة َ ما البُكا ولا مُوجِعَاتِ القَلبِ حتَّى تَوَلَّتِ
And I never knew before I met ‘Azza what crying was,
nor what were heart aches until she departed.

* * *

يُكلّفُها الغيرانُ شَتْمِي وَمَا بِهَا هواني ولكنْ للمليكِ استزَلّتِ
The jealous one compels her to insult me, while she wishes not to humiliate me, But for the wishes of her guardian she submitted.

هنيئاً مريئاً غيرَ داءٍ مخامرٍ لعزَّة َ من أعراضنا ما استحلَّتِ
[Consume what you wish] with satisfaction and ease, [wishing you] no ill effects or harm, for ‘Azza, from our honors whatever she wishes to consume.

أَسِيئي بِنا أَو أحْسِني لا مَلُومَة ً لدينا ولا مَقْلِيّة ً إنْ تَقَلَّتِ
Wrong us or do us good, you will not be blamed by us regardless,
Nor will you be despised, even if you show hatred towards us!

* * *

Sh. Saeed al-Kamali (may Allah preserve him) narrates a light hearted story about a tribe like no other.

 

Tulayha ibn Khuwaylid ibn Nawfal al-Asadi became an apostate and claimed to be a Prophet. Thousands of people followed him in his claim. He set up an army to fight the Muslims, but was defeated and the majority of his army were killed upon the state of apostasy they were upon.

He, however, managed to escape, and later repented from his claims and accepted Islam once again. He strived to perfect his Islam and fought for the sake of Allah in the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah and later in the Battle of Nahavand, where he attained martyrdom and his performance was pivotal in the victory of the Muslims in this battle.

Moral of this story: Always be careful about who you choose to follow.

For they perished … But he was saved!

References:

[1] Benefited from: https://www.facebook.com/alazhary12/posts/1087432327991384

ارتد طليحة بن خويلد الأسدي وتنبأ وتابعه الألوف فجهز جيشا لحرب المسلمين فهزم وقُتل غالب جيشه على ردتهم حتى فر ثم أسلم وحسن إسلامه وجاهد في القادسية واستشهد في معركة نهاوند
هلكوا ونجا

 

The Battles of Ridda

The Handwriting of Imam Ibn Katheer (may Allah have mercy on him) mentioning his listening to the recitation of the Muwatta of Imam Malik from his Shaykha Zaynab bint al-Kamal al-Maqdisiya al-Dimashqiya (may Allah have mercy on her) in the Hanabilah Mosque near Mount Qasioun in Damascus [1].

سماعٌ لموطأ مالك بخطِّ الحافظ ابن كثير على شيخته زينبَ بنتِ الكمال المقدسية الدمشقية، وذلك بجامع الحنابلة في سفح قاسيونَ بدمشق:ـ

Ibn Katheer handwriting

She is: Um Abdullah Zaynab bint Ahmad b. Abdulraheem al-Maqdisiya al-Dimashqiya, better known as Bint Al-Kamal [2].

She was born in the year of 646 of Hijra

From her students and those who took knowledge from her are Imam al-Dhahabi author of Siyar A’laam al-Nubala, in which he said when speaking of her father:

“And in this year the Muhadeth, Faqeeh, Kamal al-Din Ahmad b. Abdulraheem, the father of our scholar (i.e. meaning her) passed away” [3]

She had many students and students of knowledge would travel to take from her knowledge. She was known for her gentleness, great manners, and patience with her students.

She died in 740 of Hijra.

Hanabilah Mosque

Hanabilah Mosque in Damascus can be seen above (with its minaret center-right)

Hanabela_04

 

Reference:

[1] Benefited from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali (Link)

[2] Biography (ahl alhdeeth forum post)

[3] Siyar A’laam al-Nubala 23/307

[4] Mount Qasioun (Wikipedia)

[5] Pictures from the Hanabila Mosque in Damascus (PicturesPictures 2)

The big scholar Jamal al-Din al-Qassimi (may Allah have mercy on him), who died in 1332 H:

Read:

  • Saheeh Muslim with commentary, explanation, and deriving rulings and benefits in 40 days.
  • Sunan Ibn Majah in 21 days.
  • Muwatta of Imam Malik in 19 days.
  • Taqreeb al-Tahzeeb in 10 days.

(Benefited from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali)

References:

[1] Benefited from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali (Link)

العلامة ⁧‫#‏جمال_الدين_القاسمي‬⁩ الدمشقي ت1332هـ:ـ
قرأ "صحيحَ مسلم" درايةً بـ ٤٠ يومًا
و"سننَ ابنِ ماجه" في ٢١ يومًا
و"الموطأَ" في ١٩ يومًا
و"تقريبَ التهذيب" مع تصحيحه وتحشيتِه في ١٠ أيام !

 

al-Qassimi

Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali said:

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk waged his war on the scholars and Islamic schools in Turkey, the scholar of our scholars, Shaykh Ali Haydar Efendi d. 1380 H (may Allah have mercy on him), said:

"If the books of the four Madhahib [1] were to perish, I could dictate them back from my chest (i.e. from memory)".

This was narrated to me by one of his students who heard it from him [2].

Reference:

[1] Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence

[2] Benefitted from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali (Link)

عندما حارب أتاتورك العلماءَ والمدارسَ الشرعيةَ بتركيا قال شيخ مشايخنا علي حيدر أفندي ت١٣٨٠هـ: لو فنيتْ كتبُ المذاهبِ الأربعة لأمليتُها مِن صدري !ـ
حدثني بذلك: أحدُ طلابِه عنه

 

Sh. Ali Haydar

The Mujtahid, the Mufasir, the Imam Ibn Jareer al-Tabari (224-310H) -may Allah have mercy on him- said:

I memorized the Quran when I was seven years old, and
Led congregational prayers when I was eight years old, and
Started recording Prophetic traditions when I was nine years old. [1]

Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali said: "These texts and its likes should be a mean to motivate us and to make us realize the caliber of our scholars" [2].

Reference:

[1] Mu’jam al-Udabaa 6/2446

[2] Benefitted from Sh. Muhammad b. Wael al-Hanbali (Link)

 

قال الإمام المجتهد المفسِّر المؤرِّخ ابنُ جريرٍ الطبري:ـ
حفظتُ القرآنَ ولي سبعُ سنين، وصليتُ بالناس وأنا ابنُ ثماني سنين، وكتبتُ الحديثَ وأنا ابنُ تسعِ سنين !ـ

هذه النصوصُ وأمثالُها نقرؤها لنرفعَ عزيمتَنا، ونعرف قدرَ علمائنا، ولا نُقارنَ تقصيرَنا بهممهم !ـ

مقولةُ ابنِ جرير في معجم الأدباء: 2446/6

 

تفسير-الطبري-Copy

 

Sh. Al-Islam Mustafa Sabri

Shaykh Mustafa Sabri Efendi was the last Mufti of the Ottoman Empire and held the title Shaykh Al-Islam [1] during his life. He was born in the year 1286 H (1869 CE) in Anatolia, and is considered one of the biggest scholars of his time.

Sh. Mustafa Sabri lived a life of knowledge, da’wah, and struggle. He was forced to migrate from Turkey to Egypt as not to be compelled to speak words in support or praise of the oppressors.

"وإذا البلاد تغيرت عن حالها ** فدع المقام وبادر التحويلا
ليس المقام عليك فرضا واجبا ** فى بلدة تدع العزيز زليلا"ـ

During his life in Egypt, he led a life of poverty and hunger. However, he did not let this poverty and continuous hunger diminish his Faith or doubt his position, and he is quoted to have said of this poverty he faced following his migration to Egypt:

“That is much better for me than being a supporter of the oppressors” [2]

هاجر شيخ الإسلام مصطفى صبري من تركيا إلى مصر؛ كي لا يمدح طاغوتًا مجرمًا، فكان يبيتُ جائعًا بالقاهرة ويقول: هذا خيرٌ مِن تأييد الظالمين!ـ

At a time when the Indians were protesting the English administration, Mahatma Gandhi went on hunger-strikes that would receive ample attention and media coverage, including by the Muslim owned news agencies. Shaykh ul-Islam Mustafa Sabri, upon witnessing this, is reported to have said [3]:

“Gandhi decides to start a hunger-strike, and the whole world has shaken from its place. While the Ottoman Shaykh ul-Islam, with his family, has been starving for years and the Islamic world remains unaware. The Ottoman dynasty is in such a miserable state, it’s Shaykh ul-Islam would eat dry beans for months and nobody would be aware of this.”

He wrote a tearful poem in which he described his condition and contrasts between his fasting and hunger and that of Gandhi, in which he says [4]:

“Except that between the two fasts is an astonishing difference, which I shall clarify without hesitation

He has fasted while having food to eat, while I fasted because I have nothing to eat, which has been my state since arriving as a visitor to Egypt

And his fast became the talk of everyone, while my fast is something only known to me

It is for the sake of Islam, that which I am facing … etc”

Poem Mustafa Sabri

He died and was buried in Egypt in 1373H (1954 CE).

May Allah have mercy on him.

References:

[1] http://www.dr-alawni.com/articles.php?show=15

[2] Benefitted from Sh. Muhammad Wael al-Hanbali (Facebook)

[3] The Last Ottoman Shaykh ul-Islam: Mustafa Sabri Effendi: http://www.worldbulletin.net/islamic-history/115375/the-last-ottoman-shaykh-ul-islam-mustafa-sabri-effendi

[4] Poem benefitted from Facebook post

Shaykh Saeed Al-Kamali (may Allah preserve him) in this video gives a brief introduction to Imam Al-Layth ibn Saa’d, Shaykh al-Islam, al-Hafiz, and the Imam of the people of Egypt.

A man whom Allah had blessed with abundant wealth, yet never had to pay Zakah throughout his life!

 

These are my fathers, so bring me anyone like them ***

If we ever gather, Oh Jareer, in a gathering.

أولئك آبائي فجئني بمثلهم *** إذا جمعتنا يا جرير المجامع

Imam al-Dhahabi (May Allah have mercy on him) said [1]: [He is] Al-Imam, Al-Hafiz, Shaykh Al-Islam, and the Scholar of the Egyptian Land, Abu al-Harith.

He was born in the year of 94H, and died in the year of 175H.

References:

[1] Siyar A’laam Al-Nubalaa 8/136-163

[2] The approximate value of 1,000 Dinars today can be estimated as follow:

  • Given that 20 Dinars is the Nisaab of Zakaah and is around 85 grams of Gold.
  • 1,000 Dinars would thus be 4.250 kg of Gold, equivalent to $167,450 USD on the day of this post.

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