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Sh. Saeed al-Kamali (may Allah preserve him) when discussing the Chapter of: the night prayers of Ramadan of Muwatta of Imam Malik, discusses what ‘Umar (may Allah be well pleased with him) meant with his saying:

"What a Good Innovation this is.”

Reference:

[1] Commentary on Imam Malik’s Muwataa – Lecture 97 (34:00 – 37:27)

[2] Translation edited from: https://www.sayingsofthesalaf.net/umar-and-the-night-prayers-of-ramadan/. They highlight that Al-‘Allâmah Al-Mu’allimî Al-Yamânî graded this narration’s chain of transmission sahîh in his treatise Qiyâmu Ramadân

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Sh. Saeed Al-Kamali (may Allah preserve him) was asked during a Q&A Session in Mosquée de Puteaux, La Défense, Paris (2nd of June, 2013) about the ruling on taking an Interest based Loan to buy a home in the West, and whether there is a dispute between scholars on the issue of defining Riba (usury), and if one can do so out of necessity?

Footnotes:

[1] Fatwa from: 23:40 – 35:25 min.

[2] Translation of Prophetic Narrations was edited from: http://sunnah.com/

Shaykh Saeed al-Kamali (may Allah preserve him) was asked:

"I reside here in Spain, but start my fast with Morocco because it is the closest country to us, and do not fast with those who start their fast with Saudi Arabia. Is this what is required of me?

And what should I do in regards to the Eid Prayers, for they might pray Eid while we are still fasting?"

 

In this video, Sh. Saeed Al-Kamali (may Allah preserve him) is asked whether deriving rulings and basing actions on Istihsan [1] and al-Masalih al-Mursalah would necessitate contradictions and differing in the rulings of the Sharee’ah as a result of the different viewpoints of every Mustahsin, such that for each calamity there will be a variety of different rulings and fatwas?

Reference:

[1] Istihsan (استحسان) is an Arabic term for juristic "preference". In its literal sense it means "to consider something good". Muslim scholars may use it to express their preference for particular judgements in Islamic law over other possibilities. It is one of the principles of legal thought underlying personal interpretation or ijtihad. A number of disputes existed amongst the classical jurists over this principle [Wiki].

[2] Al-Masalih al-Mursalah (المصالح المرسلة), according to Khwarzamiy, implies to make laws, in matters for which the Sharee’ah has not made any express prescriptions, in such a manner that the purpose entailed in the laws of the Sharee’ah are safeguarded, inasmuch as the subjects for whom the laws are being made are saved from harm.

According to Ghazali, it relates to the making appropriate laws, on the basis of the appropriate meaning derived logically through the understanding of the purpose of the Sharee’ah, for matters on which the Sharee’ah has not given any express directives.

According to Ibn Burhan, it relates to matters which are not, fully or partly, expressly prescribed by the Sharee’ah [understanding-islam.com].

[3] Maqasid is an Arabic word for goals or purposes. In an Islamic context, the term can refer to the purposes of Islamic faith and sharee’ah. Commonly, five foundational goals (Maqasid al-Shariah) are highlighted. These are the preservation of: Religion/Faith, Life, Lineage/Progeny, Intellect, and Property/Wealth.

Imam Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi (d.1388) wrote on Maqasid Al-Sharia in his work Al-Muwafaqaat fi Usool al-Sharia. He defined maqasid al-shariah as "the attainment of good, welfare, advantage, benefits and warding off evil, injury, loss of the creatures" [Wiki].

[4] Videos of Sh. Muhammad al-Taweel (may Allah shower him with Mercy):

ramadan-2014 (Al-Sirat Al-Mustaqeem)

Virtues of Ramadan

A Month of Barakah

‘Ubaadah ibn as-Saamit narrated that the Prophet (s) said, “Ramadan has arrived to you, a month of barakah (blessings). Allah envelops you (with His mercy and blessings), so He descends His mercy, erases the sins, answers the du’aas, and He watches in (this month) your competition / race for goodness, and He boasts to His angels about you. So let Allah see the best from you, for truly, the miserable one is the one who is prevented Allah’s mercy.” (Tabaraanee, saheeh)

Quran Revealed

Allaah revealed the Qur’aan in this month, as He says in the verse quoted above (interpretation of the meaning):

“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’aan, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong)…”

[al-Baqarah 2:185]

And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’aan) down in the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree).

[al-Qadr 97:1]

Ramadan is the month of the Qur’an. Scholars used to leave attending or giving lessons and devout themselves to the Qur’an. Ramadan should be the time for us get attached to this Magnificent Book and try to love it, reap its fruits, and make it our lifestyle.

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “The Fasting and the Qur’aan will intercede for the slave on the Day of Judgment.” Fast will say, ‘O My Lord! I stopped this person from eating, drinking and other desires so accept my intercession for him.’ The Qur’aan will say, ‘O my Lord! I stopped this person from sleep (for Qiyaam) so accept my intercession for him.’ Both the intercessions will be accepted.” [Musnad Ahmad and at-Tabaranee]

Fasting

In al-Saheehayn (al-Bukhaari, 2014; Muslim, 760) from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

The Prophet (s) also said, “Fasting and the Qur’aan will both intercede for the slave on the Day of Resurrection. Fasting will say, “O Lord! I prevented him from his food and desires through the day, so accept my intercession for him. And the Qur’aan will say, ‘I prevented him from sleep at night so accept my intercession for him. So their intercession will be accepted.” [Musnad Ahmad and at-Tabaranee]

The Prophet (s) said, “Whoever fasts one day for the sake of Allah, Allah will place between him and the Fire a ditch as (large as) the distance between the heavens and earth.” (Saheeh Tirmidhi)

Reward is Multiplied

Ramadaan has such a high status; worship at that time is of great virtue and is multiplied greatly, and the sin at that time is worse than sin at any other time.

The Muslim must make the most of this blessed month by doing righteous deeds and giving up evil deeds, so that Allaah may bless him with acceptance and help him to remain steadfast in adhering to the truth

Qiyam

Al-Bukhaari (2008) and Muslim (174) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever spends the nights of Ramadaan in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

Other Ahadeeth:

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Whoever prays qiyaam in Ramadaan with the imam until he finishes, it will be recorded for him that he spent the whole night in prayer, because of the report narrated by Abu Dawood (1370)

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Hold fast to qiyaam al-Layl; for, truly, it is the way of the righteous before you, a means of closeness to your Lord, an expiation for your bad deeds, and a (a means of) prevention from sins.” At-Tirmidhee and al-Haakim. Hadeeth hasan

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The believer’s honor (or dignity) is (in) praying at night. Al-Haakim. Authentic (as-Silsilas-Saheehah 831)

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “If one gets up to pray at night and his eyes are overtaken by sleep while in sujood, Allaah says to His angels: Look, my angels! This is My slave! His soul is with Me and his body is before me. Record his qiyaam for him and count his sleep as a sadaqah from Me on him.” Ibn Maajah; authentic (Saheeh Ibn Maajah).

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever prays at night with ten verses will not be written amongst he heedless. And whoever prays at night with one hundred aayahs, will be written from the devoutly obedient, and whoever prays at night with one thousand verses will be written from those with a multitude of good deeds.” Aboo Daawood. Authentic (Saheeh al-Jaami’)

Being freed from the Hellfire

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the first night of Ramadaan comes, the devils and mischievous jinn are chained up, and the gates of Hell are closed, and none of its gates are opened. The gates of Paradise are opened and none of its gates are closed. And a caller cries out: ‘O seeker of good, proceed; O seeker of evil, desist.’ And Allaah has people whom He frees (from the Fire), and that happens every day.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 682; Ibn Maajah, 1642; classed as hasan by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 759.

Why don’t we be of those who Allah frees from the hellfire because of our worship in this blessed month? What will show Allah subhaanahu wa ta’lah in this blessed month to deserve this?

Giving Sadaqah:

Imams Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported that Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleasedwith him, had said: The Prophet (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) was the most generousof people. He used to be the most generous in Ramadhan when he would meet with angel Jibreal and study the Quran with him. Angel Jibreal would meet with the Prophet (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) every night in Ramadhan to teach him the Quran. The Prophet (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) was so generous when he met with Jibreal, more generous than the wind that brings rain.”

Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) reported Allāh‘s Messenger (sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: “Charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives, Allāh adds to his respect; and the one who shows humility, Allāh elevates him in the estimation (of the people).”  (Muslim)

We should try to increase in giving sadaqah in this blessed month and try to spend every day because in one of these days, Allah may choose to free us from the hellfire.

Reward of giving Iftaar to one who is fasting:

Zayd ibn Khaalid al-Juhani (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever gives iftaar to one who is fasting will have a reward like his, without that detracting from the fasting person’s reward in the slightest.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 807; Ibn Maajah, 1746; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi,

Remembrance of Allah:

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Not an hour passes by the son of Aadam, in which he does not remember (or mention) Allaah, except that he will deeply regret it on the Day of Resurrection.” Bayhaqee in Shu’ab al-Eemaan; authenticated by al-Albaanee (508).

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said :"He who remembers his Lord and he who does not are like the living and the dead." (Bukhari & Muslim)

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Should I not inform you of the best of your deeds, the purest of them before your Master, the most elevated of them in rank, better for you than spending gold and silver, better for you than meeting your enemies and striking them and their striking you?” They said, “Of course, O Messenger of Allaah!” He said, “Remembrance of Allaah.” At-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah. Authentic (Saheeh al-Jaami 2629)

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Two words, that are beloved to ar-Rahmaan, light on the tongue, and heavy on the scale, SubhaanAllaah wa bihamdihi, subhaanAllaah al-‘Adheem.” (Saheeh Muslim and Saheeh Bukhari)

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best dhikr is Laa ilaaha illaallaah. And the best du’aa is Alhamdulillaah.” At-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah. Authentic (Saheeh al-Jaami (1104).

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Say: Laa hawla wa laa quwatta illaa billaa a lot; for truly it is a treasure from the treasures of Paradise.” Muslim

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever says, “Astaghfirullaah aladhee laa ilaaha illaa huwa wa atoobu ilayh, Allaah will forgive him, even if he had fleed from the enemies (at the time of battle.” Abu Dawood and at-Tirmidhee

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever says, ‘Astaghfirullaah al-lathee laa ilaaha illa huwa al-hayy al-qayyoom wa atoobu ilayh (I seek forgiveness of Allaah. None is truly worthy of worship but Him, The Ever-Living, The Sustainer of all existence. And I repent to Him)’, they will be forgiven even if they should flee the battlefield.” [Abu Daawood] [Al-Albaani: Saheeh]

The Night of Qadr

Allaah has made Laylat al-Qadr in this month, which is better than a thousand months, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’aan) down in the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree).

And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?

The Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allaah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months).

Therein descend the angels and the Rooh [Jibreel (Gabriel)] by Allaah’s Permission with all Decrees,

(All that night), there is peace (and goodness from Allaah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn”

[al-Qadar 97:1-5]

The night of Qadr could be any of the last ten days of Ramadan, are we ready to reap its rewards? It is a night that is better than 1000 nights; it is a night where the angles descend, including angle Gabriel, are we prepared to welcome the angles? Doing constant good deeds on every night of these last ten days will inshallah not deprive us of the great rewards of the night of Qadr.

These are some ahadeeth about the night of Qadr:

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There has come to you Ramadaan, a blessed month which Allaah has enjoined you to fast, during which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the rebellious devils are chained up. In it there is a night which is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.”

Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 2106; Ahmad, 8769. classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 999.

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever spends Laylat al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, will be forgiven his previous sins.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1910; Muslim, 760

References and More Info on Ramadan:

[1] Hundred of Ways to Win Treasures of Reward in Ramadhaan

[2] Virtues of Ramadan

[3] How can we Prepare for the Arrival of Ramadan

[4] The Muslim In Ramadan

[5] Suggested Program for the Muslim in Ramadan

Abu Muhammad Ismail ibn Abi Bakr ibn al-Muqri, May Allah shower him with Mercy, authored a book that gathered 5 different Islamic Sciences, which he drafted in the most unique and brilliant manner.

Al-Sakhawi, May Allah Shower him with Mercy, said of the book, that it was: “amazingly composed”, and that the manner Abu Muhammad Al-Muqri drafted it “was never done before him” [1].

What’s unique about this book is that it was written in such a way that it discusses different Islamic Sciences depending on the way you read it!

1) When reading the complete text of the book, you will see the author discussing Fiqh.

2) When reading the first column by itself, you will see the author discussing the Science of Al-A’rud (i.e. the study of Poetic meters and the rhythmic structure of poems).

3) When reading the second column by itself, you will see the author discussing Islamic History.

4) When reading the third column by itself, you will see the author discussing the Science of Nahw (i.e. Grammar).

5) When reading the fourth column by itself, you will see the author discussing the Science of Al-Qawaafi (i.e. Rhymes)

He called the book [2]:

‘Unwan Al-Sharaf Al-Wafi

Fi ‘Ilm al-Fiqi wa-al-‘Arud wa-al-Tarikh

wa-al-Nahw wa-al-Qawafi

عُنوان الشرف الوافي في علم الفقه والعروض والتاريخ والنحو والقوافي

The book is 113 pages. A sample page can be seen below (with arrows added for clarity).

 

Unwan al-sharaf al-Wafi

 

[1] Al-Daw’ Al-Laami’ 1/451 by Al-Sakhawi

[2] Book Downloadable from: http://al-mostafa.info/data/arabic/depot3/gap.php?file=i002766.pdf

الحمد لله ولي الحمد ومستحقه الذي لا يــقوم بحمده أحد من خلقه وأشهد أن لـا

معبود للخلق إلا الله ولا إله لهم سواه وصـلى الله على سيد البشر رســول

ربنا ما رفع منار حق فلمع وأضاء نور علم وســطع اعلم أن العلم مصـباح

تستضيء به الأمة قد حمده الله واثنى عليه وأشرف ما استفتح من العـلوم علــم

Imam Ahmed was asked about a man who made a vow to [perform] Tawaf (circumambulation) around the House [of Allah] (the Ka’bah) on all fours?

So he said: Let him [perform] Tawaf  twice, and not do Tawaf on all fours [1].

Reference:

[1] Manaqib al-Imam Ahmed by Ibn al-Jawzi, p. 65

Ibn Al-Jawzi said commenting on this: Look at this [great understanding and] Fiqh. It is as if he looked at this crawling and saw it as a degradation and deviation from the proper form of the human to the resemblance of cattle, so he protected the House [of Allah] and the Mosque from that, and did not nullify the [resultant] ruling of his utterance [of the oath] of walking on two hands and substituted it with the two feet, which are the proper tools for walking.

سُئِلَ الإمام أَحْمَدُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ نَذَرَ أَنْ يَطُوْفَ بالبيت عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ، فَقَالَ: يَطُوْفُ طَوَافَيْنِ، وَلاَ يَطُوفْ عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ.ـ

وقال ابن الجوزي تعليقا على ذالك: فانظر إلى هذا الفقه, كأنه نظر إلى الانكباب فرآه مثلة وخروجا عن صورة الإنسان إلى التشبه بالبهيم, فصانه وصان البيت والمسجد عن ذالك, ولم يبطل حكم لفظه بالمشي على اليدين فأبدلهما بالرجلين التي هي آلة المشي.ـ

Al-Daarimi –Rahimahu Allah- narrates from the way of ‘Imran Al-Manqari that he said:

I said to Al-Hasan [1] one day about a matter he mentioned: O Aba Sa’eed, that is not what the Fuqahaa say.

So he said: Woe to you! And have you ever seen a Faqih?!

A Faqih is he who has renounced the world and exercises abstinence from it (zuhd), longing for the Hereafter, is insightful in the matters of his Religion, and who worships his Lord without cease [2, 3].

عن عمران المنقري قال : قلت للحسن يوما في شيء قاله: يا أبا سعيد ليس هكذا يقول الفقهاء. فقال: ويحك ورأيت أنت فقيها قط؟ إنما الفقيه الزاهد في الدنيا, الراغب في الآخرة, البصير بأمر دينه, المداوم على عبادة ربه.ـ

In a different variation, Al-Aajri –Rahimahu Allah- narrates in ‘Akhlaq Al-Ulama’, with a chain going to Matar al-Waraq –Rahimahu Allah- who said:

I asked Al-Hasan about a matter; so he answered.

So I said: O Abu Sa’eed, the Fuqaha would refuse such an

and dispute it.

So he said: Thakalatka Ummuk [4] O Matar! And have you ever seen a Faqih? And do you even know who a Faqih is?

A Faqeeh is the Wari’ [5], the Zahid (who exercises abstinence from the world), who does not mock whomever is below him, does not slander or backbite whomever is above him, and does not take in return for this knowledge which Allah has taught him any of these transient things of this world [6].

أخبرنا مطر الوراق قال : سألت الحسن عن مسألة ، فقال فيها ، فقلت : يا أبا سعيد يأبى عليك الفقهاء ويخالفونك ، فقال : « ثكلتك أمك مطر ، وهل رأيت فقيها قط ؟ وهل تدري ما الفقيه ؟ الفقيه الورع الزاهد الذي لا يسخر ممن أسفل منه ، ولا يهمز من فوقه ، ولا يأخذ على علم علمه الله حطاما »ـ

Comment: We ask Allah to make us among those who act upon what they know, and among those who strive to attain these qualities.

Reference:

[1] Al-Basri –Rahimahu Allah-

[2] Husien Saleem Asad in his Tahqeeq of Sunan al-Daarimi said: Its Isnaad is Saheeh

[3] Sunan al-Daarimi (volume 1 p. 101, narration 294)

[4] The word (Thaklaa) refers to one who has lost her son, and (Thakalatka Ummuk) literally would mean a supplication , but is used by the Arabs to indicate one’s surprise or astonishment (taken from the Tahqeeq of Akhlaq al-Ulama).

[5] Wara’ in its origin refers to leaving the forbidden. This term was then used to refer to not overindulging one’s self even in what is permissible and halal (taken from the Tahqeeq of Akhlaq al-Ulama).

[6] Akhlaaq Al-Ulamaa by al-Aajiri (volume 1 p. 56, narration 46)

Scholars praised to Shaykh Al-Munajjid [May Allah preserve him] by Shaykh Al- Uthaymeen [May Allah shower him with Mercy] before his Death, and the difference between having information and having a true understanding.

A daughter of one of the Neighbors of Mansour ibn Al-Mu’tamir -Rahimahu Allah- told her father once: Father, where did the log that was up on top of Mansour’s roof go?

So her father told her: My daughter, that was Mansour praying at night.

Reference:

[1] Siyar A’laam Al-Nubala by al-Imam al-Dhahabi 5/403

قَالَتْ بِنْتٌ لِجَارِ مَنْصُوْرِ بنِ المُعْتَمِرِ: يَا أَبَةُ، أَيْنَ الخَشَبَةُ الَّتِي كَانَتْ فِي سَطحِ مَنْصُوْرٍ قَائِمَةً؟
قَالَ: يَا بُنَيَّةُ، ذَاكَ مَنْصُوْرٌ، كَانَ يَقُوْمُ اللَّيْلَ

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