Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“And a believer, if he commits a sin, then the punishment for that sin committed can be removed through ten ways:

1) He repents (i.e. does Tawbah) to Allah, so Allah accepts his repentance, for the one who repents from sin is like the one who has no sin.

2) He seeks forgiveness (i.e. Istighfar) from Allah, so Allah forgives him.

3) He does good deeds that erase his sin for good deeds erase bad ones.

4) His believing brethren pray for him or seek forgiveness for his sins during his life or after his death.

5) Or they [ask Allah] to bestow on him as a gift from the reward of their deeds, with which Allah benefits him.

6) His Prophet Muhammad, blessings and peace of Allah upon him, intercedes for him.

7) Allah tests him with trials in this world which expiate his sin.

8) Allah tests him in the Barzakh (i.e. the intermediate life in the grave, between the death and the Day of Judgment) which expiates his sin.

9) Allah tests him in the various stages of the Day of Judgment which expiates his sins.

10) Or the Most Merciful of those who have mercy bestows His mercy upon him.

Whoever, then, is missed by these ten, then he cannot blame anyone but himself”.

Reference:

[1] Majmou’ Al-Fataawa 10/45; Al-Tuhfa Al-Iraqiya fi Al-Amaal Al-Qalbiya 1/37 (Link 1Link 2Link 3Link 4)

[2] Lecture on quote by Sh. Waleed Idrees Al-Maneesi

[3] Translation adopted from original translators at islaam.com. Original site not opening but translation still available on several forums and facebook pages

[4] Benefited from: https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=950625368298832&id=100000541343821&fref=nf

 

قال شيخ الاسلام ابن تيمية رحمه الله: (والمؤمن إذا فعل سيئة فإن عقوبتها تندفع عنه بعشرة أسباب:أن يتوب فيتوب الله عليه فإن التائب من الذنب كمن لا ذنب له،أويستغفر فيغفر له،أو يعمل حسنات تمحوها فإن الحسنات يذهبن السيئات،أو يدعوا له إخوانه المؤمنون ويستغفرون له حيا وميتا،أو يهدون له من ثواب أعمالهم ماينفعه الله به،أو يشفع فيه نبيه محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم،أويبتليه الله تعالى في الدنيا بمصائب تكفر عنه،أويبتليه في البرزخ بالصعقة فيكفر بها عنه،أويبتليه في عرصات القيامه من أهوالها بما يكفر عنه،أو يرحمه أرحم الراحمين، فمن أخطأ هذه العشره فلا يلومن إلا نفسه)ـ

مجموع الفتاوى"ج 10/ص 45"

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