He is Abdulrahman ibn Amr ibn Yuhmad al-Awzaai al-Dimashqi [1].

He was born on the 88th of Hijra in a district of Damascus known today as Al-Uqaybah [2]

Ibn Naser [however] said: He was born in Baalbek [3].

Abbas ibn al-Waleed said:

I heard my father saying: The birth of Al-Awzaai was in Baalbek, and his upbringing was in al-Beqaa, then his mother moved [with] him to Beirut. I have not seen my father amazed with anything he had seen in this world as his amazement was with Al-Awzaai. He used to say:

Glorified and Exalted are you [O Allah], You do as You will, Al-Awzaai was a poor orphan cared for [only] by his mother, moving him from city to city, and what You destined him for was fulfilled, for You have established him to the level we have seen.

Then he said: O my son, the kings have failed to manner themselves and [manner] their children as Al-Awzaai was mannered. I have never heard him mention a matter except that whoever heard it from him needed to note it down, and I have never seen him laughing loudly, and whenever he spoke [in a gathering] about the Judgement and the Last Day, I would ask myself: Is there a heart in this gathering that did not weep?!

… to be continued Insha Allah …

Al-Imam Al-Nawawi (May Allah shower him with Mercy) said in ‘Sharh Al-Muhazab’ in the (Chapter of Menstruation):

“As for Al-Awzaai then he is Abu Amr, Abdulrahman ibn Amr. He was from the Kibaar of Tabei Al-Tabi’een, and from among their remarkable Imams. He was the Imam of the People of Shaam during his time, and issued Fatwaas in 70,000 or 80,000 questions”.

Abdurahman ibn Mahdi said as is mentioned in ‘Tahzeeb Al-Nawawi’:

“The Imams in Hadeeth are four: Al-Awzaai, Malik, Sufyan Al-Thawri, and Hammad ibn Zayd”

The first time Al-Awzaai was asked about Fiqh was in the year of 113 of Hijra, and he was only 25 years old at the time. After that, he remained a relied upon reference for Fatwaas throughout his life, until he passed away (May Allah shower him with Mercy).

The School of Al-Awzaai in Fiqh (i.e. his Mazhab) was widespread in the Land of Shaam, as well as in other places. Ibn Katheer (May Allah shower him with Mercy) said: “And the People of Damascus and what surrounded it of Lands were upon his Mazhab for close to Two Hundred and Twenty years”.

From the reasons given for the fading of his Mazhab, compared to the other Mazaahib, was the relative weakness of his students and the activeness of students of the other Schools.

Al-Rabei ibn Sulayman said: I heard Al-Shafiee saying: “I have not seen a man whose Fiqh is well matched with his Hadeeth more than Al-Awzaai”.

… to be continued Insha Allah …

Abu Abul-Malik ibn Al-Farisi said: Abu Hazaan narrated to me about Al-Awzaai, he said: Mustard [plant] was mentioned – and Al-Awzaai used to love it or use it as a remedy – So a man from the people of Saffuriya (i.e. city of Sepphoris) said: I will send you from it, O Abu Amr, for it grows in the wild all around us.

He (i.e. Abu Hazaan) said: So he sent him from it a parcel and sent along with it some questions.

So Al-Awzaai sent the Mustard to the market and had it sold, and then took its price and bought with it papers, in which he answered the man’s questions, and sent back to him saying:

I have not done what I did because of something that may displease you, however, you have sent with it questions, and I feared that it may be seen as a payment for my answers.

… to be continued Insha Allah …

Reference:

[1] This Biography was compiled from the following References: Shazaraat Al-Dhahab 1/240-242; Tareekh Dimashq – Ibn ‘Asaakir starting on 35/147; Al-Jarh wa Al-Ta’deel starting on 1/184; Siyar A’laam Al-Nubalaa starting 7/107; Al-Bidaya wa Al-Nihaya starting 10/111.

[2] Also written as Al Okaibah; Al-Oukaibeh; Al-Aqeebah;

[3] A town located in the Beqaa Valley (of Lebanon) situated east of the Litani River.

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