بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

قال تعالى: (ادْعُ إِلَى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ وَجَادِلْهُمْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ)ـ النحل 125

قال ابن القيم رحمه الله تعالى: ” فذكر سبحانه مراتب الدعوة وجعلها ثلاثة أقسام بحسب حال المدعو فإنه إما أن يكون طالبا للحق راغبا فيه محبا له مؤثرا له على غيره إذا عرفه فهذا يدعى بالحكمة ولا يحتاج إلى موعظة ولا جدال

وإما أن يكون معرضا مشتغلا بضد الحق ولكن لو عرفه عرفه وآثره واتبعه فهذا يحتاج مع الحكمة إلى الموعظة بالترغيب والترهيب 

وإما أن يكون معاندا معارضا فهذا يجادل بالتي هي أحسن

 فإن رجع إلى الحق وإلا انتقل معه من الجدال إلى الجلاد إن أمكن

فلمناظرة المبطل فائدتان: أحدهما أن يرد عن باطله ويرجع إلى الحق

الثانية أن ينكف شره وعداوته ويتبين للناس أن الذي معه باطل

وهذه الوجوه كلها لا يمكن أن تنال بأحسن من حجج القرآن”

 Allah [Exalted is He] said: {Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good preaching, and argue with them in a way that is best} (An-Nahl 16:125)

Ibn Al-Qayim [Rahimahu Allah] said when commenting on this verse:

“He (Allah) [Glorified is He] mentioned the levels of Da’wah (calling people to Allah) and made it into three categories, [each] depending on the situation [and state] of the person being called to Allah.

For he can either be a seeker of the Truth, wanting it [and eager to attain it], loving it and favoring it over all else once he comes to know it. Such a person is to be called to Allah with wisdom and does not require preaching nor argumentation.

Or he may be withdrawn and occupied with that which opposes the Truth, but if he was informed of it, he would come to know it, prefer [it over all else] and follow it. Such [a person] would require along with wisdom, some good instruction [and preaching] with encouragement and admonishing.

Or he can be a stubborn opponent opposing [the truth]. Such [a person] should be argued with in the way which is best. If he returns to the truth [then that is what is hoped], otherwise, it is moved with him from the arguing to the strong debates if such a thing is possible, for debating and disputing with a person of Falsehood has two benefits.

One of them is that it can cause him to turn away from his falsehood and return to the Truth.

The second is so his evil and hostility can stop and it would be shown and made clear to the people that what is with him is Falsehood.

And all that which was stated, are not possible to attain with anything better than the arguments and evidences of the Qur’an”.

Reference:

[1] Al Sawaa’iq Al Mursalah by Ibn Al Qayim (Rahimahu Allah)

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